Industry: Offshore - Oil and Gas
Application: Dissolved Salts Pump
Brief Introduction: On an offshore processing platform, machines of moderate criticality are monitored by periodic offline measurements using Scout 220. Mechanical technicians offshore take measurements and upload data to a System 1 server in Bergen using remote comms. The data is analyzed by Bently Nevada MDS Engineers.
While taking routine vibration measurements, a technician heard a “horrible noise” from a dissolved salts pump motor. Shortly afterwards he noticed the noise was gone and new measurements were taken. The measurements were then uploaded and support from MDS was requested.
In the spectrum (Plot #1) there is a single peak at 1210Hz with 1X and 2X sidebands. Sidebands are produced by the FFT (Fast Fourier Transform) algorithm when a waveform (Plot #2) is modulated. The sidebands’ offset from the main peak are the modulation frequencies. This vibration was only visible on the motor non-drive end (NDE) measurement that were taken while the noise was heard. The peak did not match any expected forcing frequencies, and it was therefore thought to be an impact phenomenon exciting a resonance at 1210Hz with 1X & 2X periods between each impact.
Plot #1 – Spectrum plot motor NDE at time of vibration event.
Plot #2 – Time waveform plot motor NDE at time of vibration event.
The vibration frequency is close to the range (~2-5kHz) of sounds that human ears are most sensitive to. High vibrations at this frequency is therefore expected to be audible, which can explain the technicians experience of a “horrible noise”.
Based on the vibration pattern it was concluded that the impacting could either be caused by a loose part on the rotor or by contact between a rotating part and a stationary part, with the overhung cooling fan on the NDE as the suspected fault location. It was therefore recommended to open the fan cover and look for abnormalities on the cooling fan.
Image #1 – Broken retaining ring.
Bently Nevada’s Solution and Added Value:
The fan cover was opened, and the smaller fraction of the part shown in Image #1 was found loose. The part is a retaining ring from the fan assembly which had come apart. Following this, the retaining ring was replaced by the technician, and the machine was back in operation less than 48 hours after the vibration measurements were taken.
If the fault had gone unnoticed, the fan could have separated from the rotor in operation and destroyed the motor. The cost of a new motor is approximately 40 000 EUR.
Author: Håkon Myklestad, Norway MDS
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